[91] Irene was the earliest ninth named storm on record before being surpassed by Hurricane Isaias in 2020. [79] Damage from Dennis in the United States totaled $2.545 billion, and there were 15 deaths in the country, all but one in Florida. Twice it attained peak winds of 85 mph (140 km/h). It rapidly weakened over land as it turned to the north and northeast, and was later absorbed by an approaching cold front on September 26 over Illinois. [43], Stan killed 80 people in Mexico, and damage in the county was estimated at US$1.2 billion ($13.2 billion MXN). Storms of 2005. [16], The hardest-hit area was the United States Gulf Coast from eastern Texas to Florida, affected to varying degrees by Arlene, Cindy, Dennis, Katrina, Ophelia, Rita, Tammy, and Wilma. [109], Canadian Navy ships headed to the U.S. Gulf Coast to help in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina were slowed down trying to avoid Nate and Ophelia. The average date for the seventh named storm is Sept. 16. [78] Across the island, Dennis killed 16 people, and left US$1.4 billion in damage, affecting agriculture, tourist areas, infrastructure, and houses. [127] Texas' Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery Program aided 1.85 million people in addition to supporting longer-term infrastructure repairs. On November 22, the NHC classified the low-pressure system as a subtropical storm with the name Delta. [64] Vince transitioned into a tropical storm on the following day and was upgraded to a hurricane shortly thereafter. Impacts from heavy rainfall, gusty winds, and tornadoes associated with Rita affected much of the lower Mississippi River Valley, and over a million electricity customers lost power. [5], During January 2005, TSR increased its forecast to 13.9 tropical storms, 7.8 hurricanes, 3.6 major hurricanes, and predicted that the ACE rating would be 157. The team also concluded that the amount of precipitation produced by tropical cyclones would increase over the next century. [61] The storm caused 39 deaths in total. In New Orleans, Rita produced additional flooding and overtopped levees that had been repaired after Hurricane Katrina a month earlier. The United States National Hurricane Center[nb 1] named 27 storms, exhausting the annual pre-designated list and resulting in the usage of six Greek letter names, and also identified an additional unnamed storm during a post-season re-analysis. The storm claimed 26 lives, with more than half of them in Haiti. [36] Rita struck near the border of Louisiana and Texas. The death toll includes all indirect deaths, such as traffic accidents or electrocutions. [75], A tropical wave led to the development of Tropical Depression Four in the southeastern Caribbean late on July 4 and further strengthened into Tropical Storm Dennis early the next day. [11] At the start of September, CSU updated their forecasts and predicted that eight more storms would form, with six more hurricanes and three major hurricanes. Emily struck Quintana Roo and Tamaulipas as a major hurricane,[40] causing US$343 million ($3.4 billion MXN) in damage. The storm gradually weakened and eventually dissipated northwest of the Azores on August 14. [76] Emily weakened after its peak intensity, striking the northeastern Yucatán Peninsula on July 18 with winds of 135 mph (185 km/h). Tropical Storm Gert (23-25 July 2005) Track Map Position/Speed Summary Large Satellite View Zoomed IR Satellite View GOES-E IR Satellite Loop Radar: NEXRAD Composite Base Reflectivity Tropical Storm Harvey (2-8 August 2005) Continuing across the Caribbean Sea, Emily eventually strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane on July 16 to the southwest of Jamaica, reaching peak winds of 160 mph (260 km/h). [169] This surpassed the previous record for the number of hurricane names retired after a single season, four (held by the 1955, 1995, 2004 seasons, and later the 2017 season). Suite 250 Six of the season's storms became a Category 5 hurricane, the highest ranking on the scale. [165][166] The 2005 season was the first season to trigger this policy. On August 18, Irene weakened into a tropical storm, and later that day was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm to the southeast of Newfoundland. Portions of the city remained underwater for 43 days. [46] Alpha killed 26 people in the Caribbean. [46][45] On Bermuda, Hurricane Wilma produced wind gusts of 51 mph (81 km/h). [6] On May 2, the Cuban Institute of Meteorology (InsMet) issued their seasonal forecast, which predicted that the season would feature 13 tropical storms and 7 hurricanes. This excludes anything except tropical storms (winds between 62 and 117 km/h) and hurricanes (winds above 117 km/h), since lesser storms are not named. Moving westward, Emily strengthened into a minimal hurricane and struck Grenada at that intensity on July 14. [167] 2020 subsequently became the second such season. [27] Lowered sea-level atmospheric pressures in the late spring and early summer of 2005 curtailed the strength of trade winds, resulting in a reduction of latent heat loss from the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean. Tammy dropped locally heavy rainfall along its path, causing minor damage. It was also the first season in which four major hurricanes hit the U.S.. [88] Due to strong wind shear, Harvey initially exhibited subtropical characteristics. Later that day, the depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Alpha as it moved west-northwestward. This protrusion detached into a warm core ring, or a small region of warm waters to an abnormally deep depth, and began to drift southwest as Hurricane Rita traversed the region. [33] Katrina imparted about $500 million in crop and infrastructure damage to the state. [16][18] The season's activity was reflected with an ACE rating of 250, the second-highest value on record in the Atlantic basin, after the 1933 season. It was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm on October 6. Hurricane Gert was the fourth of five major hurricanes in the moderately active 1999 Atlantic hurricane season.A Cape Verde tropical cyclone, Gert formed on September 11 off the coast of Africa before heading west-northwest. Damage in the United States was estimated at $70 million. It hit Yucatan at peak intensity. Even with all these records, the 2005 hurricane season will arguably be most remembered for Hurricane Katrina, which devastated parts of Mississippi, Louisiana and in particular, New Orleans. A ridge turned Epsilon to the southwest on December 6. [30] In May 2020, researchers at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the University of Wisconsin at Madison built upon this research and, for the first time, established a statistically significant global trend toward more intense tropical cyclones, particularly in the Atlantic basin. Franklin restrengthened slightly as it accelerated northeastward. [45][164] The names Franklin, Lee, Maria, Nate, Ophelia, Philippe, Rita, Stan, Tammy, Vince and Wilma were used for the first (and only, in the cases of Rita, Stan and Wilma) time this year. [92] The depression moved slowly westward in an environment of strong vertical shear. [46][41] Local and federal troops quelled looting and rioting in Cancún. Epsilon lasted as a hurricane until December 7, the most for any Atlantic tropical cyclone in December. [111] Rip currents caused by hurricanes Nate and Maria killed one person in New Jersey, and severely injured another person. [107], A strong tropical wave entered the eastern Atlantic on August 27. 2005 National Hurricane Center (NHC) Seasonal Summary. [62][63] The unnamed subtropical storm in October moved through the Azores. Later that day, the storm moved ashore just west of Pensacola, Florida. [33] Across the region, the hurricane flooded and ruined about 350,000 vehicles. The committee agreed that the usage of the Greek alphabet had a "major important political, economic and social impact globally, which might not have happened if a secondary or circular list of names had been used",[169] and that the Greek alphabet would be used again if the traditional naming list was exhausted. By mid-October, the Loop Current returned to its typical position in the Yucatán Peninsula. Delta's tropical characteristics later succumbed to wind shear and cold air, resulting in its extratropical transition on November 28 while 250 miles (400 mi) west-northwest of the western Canary Islands; as an extratropical system, Delta tracked east, passing north of the Canary Islands before moving into Morocco and Algeria on November 29, where it dissipated. All NOAA. Over the next two days, Arlene continued northward through the United States, dissipating over southeastern Canada on June 14. [135] There were also three deaths in Nicaragua and one in Costa Rica. The four Category 5 hurricanes were also a record. The storm strengthened and a closed circulation formed on November 18, making Gamma a tropical storm for the second time. [48] Emily killed one person and left US$111 million in damage when it struck Grenada,[49] and later it killed five people on Jamaica. Four storms of this season became Category 5 hurricanes, the highest ranking on the scale. [139] The flooding killed 10 people after 6 to 10 in (150 to 250 mm) of precipitation fell in some locales. The circulation that absorbed Philippe dropped light rainfall on the island, and was responsible for the lowest barometric pressure during the month. Media in category "Tropical Storm Gert (2005)" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. Once inland, the system rapidly unraveled over the mountainous terrain of Mexico, dissipating in the state of Oaxaca just after 06:00 UTC on October 5. [123] Rita generated a 15-foot (4.6 m) storm surge that devastated parts of Cameron Parish in Louisiana,[124] destroying most structures in towns like Cameron and Holly Beach. [45] It killed four people in the country and left US$454 million ($4.8 billion MXN) in damage. The season shattered numerous records, with 28[1] tropical or subtropical storms recorded. The hurricane struck southeastern Louisiana and later southern Mississippi. [128], On September 30, a tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Nineteen to the west of Cabo Verde. Gert was a high-latitude, category 2 hurricane (on the Saffir -Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) that remained over the open waters of the western Atlantic Ocean, passing about midway between Bermuda and the southeastern United States. The heavy rainfall creates some short-lived street flooding. The storm intensified further in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, reaching winds of 70 mph (110 km/h) early on June 11. [126] Over $1 billion in federal assistance was also disbursed to Texas. Hurricane Gert; Tropical Storm Gert (2005) Hurricane Gilbert; Hurricane Gordon (2000) Tropical Storm Grace (2003) Hurricane Greta–Olivia; H. Hurricane Harvey; Hurricane Henri; Tropical Storm Hermine (1980) Tropical Storm Hermine (2010) Hurricane Hilda (1955) Hurricane Marco (2020) Hurricane … The CPC determined that this environmental enhancement was primarily driven by four factors: the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation, the reduction of atmospheric convection in the tropical Pacific, record-high sea surface temperatures in the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean, and conducive wind and pressure patterns across the western Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. [32] Rainfall in the United States reached 12.80 in (325 mm) near Camden, Alabama.[68]. [73][74] Across Louisiana, the hurricane left 280,000 people without power. each tropical cyclone, including synoptic history, meteorological statistics, [16] A total of 7 named storms formed before August 1, which exceeded the record of 5 set in 1997 and was later beaten in 2020. It stalled 1,320 miles (2,130 km) west-southwest of the Canary Islands and attained peak winds of 70 mph (110 km/h) on November 24. It developed into Tropical Depression Thirteen on August 28 while 960 miles (1550 km) east of the Lesser Antilles. [5] This was followed on May 16 by NOAA, who predicted a 70% chance of above normal activity, with 12–15 tropical storms, 7–9 hurricanes, and 3–5 major hurricanes. [21] This focusing mechanism led to a complementary reduction in storms developing close to Cape Verde. Models developed within the workshops projected that the number of tropical cyclones under Category 3 intensity would fall over the 21st century, while the number of intense Category 4–5 hurricanes would increase significantly. [65] In November, the extratropical remnants of Delta struck the Canary Islands, causing 7 fatalities, with 12 people missing. [100] The hurricane left catastrophic damage across southern Louisiana, with more than 300,000 houses damaged or destroyed; most of these were in Orleans Parish. The low that absorbed the storm would eventually become Hurricane Vince. Weather Underground provides tracking maps, 5-day forecasts, computer models, satellite imagery and detailed storm statistics for tracking and forecasting Hurricane Gert Tracker. On August 15, the storm turned to the north, passing between Bermuda and North Carolina. [47] In Florida, Wilma caused $19 billion in damage and killed 30 people; five of the deaths were caused directly by the hurricane. At least 90 tornadoes were associated … [155] Damage throughout the Canary Islands was estimated at €312 million ($364 million 2005 US dollars). Delta moved erratically over the next two days and weakened to a low-end tropical storm in response to increasing wind shear. XML index of all Tropical Cyclone Reports, Atlantic | Eastern Pacific | Central Pacific, 2005 North Atlantic Hurricane Season Track Map (click to enlarge). [89] On August 4, Harvey passed 45 miles (75 km) south of Bermuda. [26], In addition to the unusually high amount of tropical activity, the 2005 season also featured an abnormally high amount of storms in the typically inactive early and latter parts of the season. [90] Rip currents near Long Beach, New York killed a 16-year-old boy. A tropical wave, the same that spawned Tropical Storm Franklin, moved off Africa on July 10. The remnants of Maria caused a landslide in Norway that killed three people. nhcwebmaster@noaa.gov, Central Pacific Hurricane Center [36][113], On September 17, Tropical Depression Seventeen formed from a tropical wave about 350 miles (560 km) east of Barbados. Hurricane Gert is the strongest July hurricane on record, reaching winds of 180 mph and pressure of 895 mbar. The anomalously frequent formation of tropical storms and hurricanes reflected the emergence of unusually warm sea surface temperatures across the tropical Atlantic. [66], Delta caused severe damage in the Canary Islands and claimed at least seven lives, including six who drowned after boats overturned; there were 12 people missing from the overturned boat. On September 10, Nate transitioned into an extratropical storm which was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm near the Azores on September 13. Delta took a south-southwestward course and further coalesced its associated showers, leading to its re-designation as a tropical storm on November 23. [152] After leaving Florida, Wilma killed one person and left US$6.4 million in damage to the Bahamas, when it passed northwest of the country. [76] Later on July 8, Dennis moved ashore again in Matanzas Province. After five years of analysis, researchers were unable to confirm whether the recent increase in tropical cyclone activity could be attributed more to climate change than natural variability. A day later, Emily dissipated over land. Rapid intensification ensued, allowing Stan to become a Category 1 hurricane before its second landfall east-southeast of Veracruz early on October 4. The depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Harvey on August 3 while moving northeastward. Arlene left mostly minor damage throughout the United States, estimated at $11.8 million. Ophelia fluctuated between hurricane and tropical storm intensity for the next week as it meandered off the southeastern United States. [31], The storms of the season were extraordinarily damaging and were responsible for significant loss of life. [38][39][46] Wilma's storm surge caused the worst flooding in the Florida Keys since Hurricane Betsy in 1965. [70], The cyclone dropped heavy rainfall, reaching at least 10.47 in (266 mm) in El Raudal, Veracruz. This culminated in the cyclone attaining Category 5 hurricane status, reaching peak winds of 185 mph (295 km/h) and setting a record for the lowest barometric pressure in an Atlantic hurricane; at 12:00 UTC on October 19, the Hurricane Hunters recorded a pressure of 882 mbar (26.0 inHg) in the center of the tiny, well-defined eye of Wilma. Pages in category "Category 2 Atlantic hurricanes" The following 76 … [151] Numerous homes and businesses experienced some degree of impact, with over 55,000 dwellings and 3,600 workplaces damaged in Palm Beach County alone. This was associated with an active phase of the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation (AMO), with a similar period of elevated tropical activity occurring between 1950 and 1969. Six hours later, at 00:00 UTC on June 29, the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Bret and peaked with sustained winds of 40 mph (65 km/h). Gamma meandered in the Caribbean Sea for a short time, until slowly weakening and eventually disintegrating into a remnant low late on November 20. The same trough created unfavorable conditions, causing Nate to weaken quickly back to tropical storm status. [81] The outskirts of Emily dropped heavy rainfall in southern Texas, damaging about $4.7 million worth of cotton. Note: There is an undercount bias of zero to six tropical cyclones per year between 1851 and 1885 and zero to four per year between 1886 and 1910, due to the lack of modern observation techniques, see. The depression became a tropical storm on August 24 and a hurricane on August 25, making landfall as a Category 1 hurricane in southeastern Florida. 3 – Focus on Haiti and Jamaica, International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies, World Food Programme Emergency Report 2005, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Alpha, "US$2.1 million required to repair infrastructure damage from Beta", "Perecen dos panameños por la tormenta tropical "Beta, Colombia: $ 1.409 millones costó recuperación de Providencia, "Nicaragua: Abandono y desesperación en la Costa Caribe después del Huracán "Beta, "Costa necesita 35 millones de córdobas a causa de Beta", "Calculan en unos nueve millones de dólares las pérdidas causadas por lluvias en Honduras", "Tropical depression kills two in Caribbean", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Gamma, Climate Change and Territorial Effects on Regions and Local Economies, Tropical Cyclone Report: Unnamed Subtropical Storm, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Delta, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Arlene, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Bret, Resumen de la tormenta tropical "Bret" del océano Atlántico, "Deja "Bret" un muerto y miles de damnificados", "Lluvias intensas observadas y grandes inundaciones reportadas", Caribbean: Hurricanes Dennis & Emily Appeal No. Wilma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on October 26, which was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm a day later over Atlantic Canada. [67], In western Cuba, Arlene produced wind gusts of 49 mph (79 km/h) at Punta del Este and 6.81 in (173 mm) of rainfall in the city of Pinar del Río. Dennis weakened and moved through the southeastern United States, the Ohio Valley, and eventually dissipating on July 18 over Ontario. [159], Towards the end of December, an upper-level low interacted with a cold front, which produced an area of low-pressure by December 28, about 750 mi (1,205 km) to the west-northwest of Cabo Verde. The 2005 ROBLOX Atlantic Hurricane Season was the deadliest, costliest and most active season on record, with 29 storms, 18 hurricanes, and 12 majors, 6 of them C5s and leaving a trail of 250 billion ROBUX in damage. The list below only includes human names given to North Atlantic storms. The disturbance eventually traveled into the western Caribbean Sea, where it organized into a tropical depression southeast of Cozumel around 12:00 UTC on October 1. All damage totals are in 2005 values of their respective currencies. In all, 30 tropical depressions, tropical storms, and hurricanes formed in 2005. That brought the total number of major hurricanes in the 2005 season to seven, a record breaking achievement. This new system would become Tropical Depression Twelve over the Bahamas and, eventually, Hurricane Katrina. [15], The Gulf of Mexico saw record levels of tropical activity in 2005, with 11 named storms entering the basin. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) [46] Wilma set a record in Mexico, and for the entire Western Hemisphere, for the highest 24 hour rainfall total, with 64.330 in (1,633.98 mm) recorded at Isla Mujeres. [103] Throughout the United States, Katrina killed 1,833 people, making it one of the deadliest hurricanes in the United States,[33] and the deadliest American hurricane since 1928. [95][96] Jose killed 11 people in Veracruz and 5 in Oaxaca. Some weather models predicted relaxing shear and intensification of the system;[93] however, the hostile conditions ripped the system apart, and the NHC discontinued advisories on August 14 when no organized deep convection remained. The consecutive occurrence of hurricane seasons as active as 2004 and 2005 in the Atlantic was unprecedented. [160] As a result, Zeta became the second latest-forming tropical cyclone in the Atlantic on record behind Alice of December 1954. The storm was the third major hurricane of the record-breaking 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, as well as the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane on record to make landfall in the contiguous United States, behind only the 1935 Labor Day hurricane, Hurricane Camille in 1969, and Hurricane Michael in 2018. The unusual activity was attributed to a persistent high pressure area over the Southeastern United States, the northeastward displacement and amplification of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) over the eastern Pacific, and above average sea surface temperatures in the Gulf of Mexico. [71] One person drowned in Cerro Azul, while another death occurred in Naranjos due to cardiac arrest. This was the same list used for the 1999 season, with the exceptions of Franklin and Lee, which replaced Floyd and Lenny. Around the time of its peak, Maria turned to the north and northeast, moving around the subtropical ridge as it gradually weakened. Storm surge also breached levees in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, flooding about 80% of the city. [61] While passing through the Lesser Antilles, the heavy rainfall caused mudslides, killing two people on Bequia. On July 11, a tropical wave spawned a tropical depression east of the Lesser Antilles which quickly intensified into Tropical Storm Emily. Glossary, Privacy Policy An approaching trough turned Franklin to the northwest and weakened Franklin to a minimal tropical storm. Storm surge damaged coastal roads in the Florida Panhandle and Alabama. [100] Residents across the New Orleans area suffered health effects, including rashes and respiratory problems, from polluted water and air following the hurricane. [117][121] Due in part to high temperatures preceding Rita's landfall and elderly susceptibility to excessive heat, at least 80 people died during the mass evacuation;[122] a coach fire en route to Dallas claimed 23 lives. [43][41] Stan was associated with a larger weather system across eastern Mexico and Central America. The final storm – Zeta – formed in late December and lasted until January 6, 2006. [117] Its minimum pressure of 895 mbar (hPa; 26.43 inHg) was the lowest of any storm in the Gulf of Mexico on record. [17] The 2005 season also featured a record seven major hurricanes, one more than the previous record, set in 1926, 1933, 1950, 1996, and 2004. After 12 hours as a tropical storm, Lee weakened back to a tropical depression as it turned to the northwest, steered by the larger non-tropical storm. 11691 SW 17th Street The National Hurricane Center's Tropical Cyclone Reports contain comprehensive information on Rita followed in September, reaching peak intensity in the Gulf of Mexico before weakening and hitting near the border of Texas and Louisiana. [62][108][63], A tropical wave left Africa on August 30 and moved into the southwestern Atlantic, where subsequent interaction with an upper-level low led to the genesis of a tropical depression south-southwest of Bermuda on September 5. The most devastating effects of the season were felt on the Gulf Coast of the United States, where Katrina's storm surge crippled New Orleans, Louisiana, for weeks and devastated the Mississippi coastline. NHC 2005 Summaries by Month [110] Early on September 9, Nate attained peak winds of 90 mph (150 km/h) as it accelerated northeastward ahead of a trough. The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active in the 154 years records have been kept. In mid-August, Hurricane Gert caused high waves, rough surf, and rip currents along the Northeast coastline. [32], The outer rainbands of Dennis produced widespread flooding and landslides in Haiti, killing at least 56 people and leaving US$50 million in damage. However, the name of a particularly destructive hurricane could be retired and replaced with a new name. On September 7, Nate intensified into the sixth hurricane of the season. Damage and deaths include amounts while the storm was extratropical, a wave, or a low. Harvey continued northeastward for a few days, transitioning into an extratropical storm on August 9. The tropical cyclone moved northwest and steadily organized as upper-level winds became more conducive. These factors reduced vertical wind shear and favored cyclonic flow, creating an environment highly supportive of tropical development. The multidecadal oscillation increased the potency of conducive environmental factors for tropical development, including the increased strength of subtropical ridges in the northern and southern Atlantic and the eastern Pacific. [112], The interplay of a cold front and a trough led to the development of Tropical Depression Sixteen over the northern Bahamas on September 6. NWS Hurricane Stan in October was part of a broader weather system that killed 1,668 people and caused $3.96 billion in damage to eastern Mexico and Central America, with Guatemala hit the hardest. It also produced the second-highest accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) in the Atlantic basin, surpassed only by the 1933 season. The cyclone did not persist long over water, instead moving ashore north of Cabo Rojo, Mexico, with 45 mph (75 km/h) winds early on July 25. [120][117] Rita's approach to the U.S. Gulf Coast prompted one of the largest mass evacuations in the country's history, with an estimated 3.7 million people fleeing the Texas coast between Corpus Christi and Beaumont. [114], Philippe brought gusty winds and moisture to Bermuda, with 0.15 inches (3.8 mm) of precipitation reported on September 23. Early on September 19, Philippe attained hurricane status and reached peak winds of 80 mph (130 km/h) a day later. The season caused over $100 billion in property The list below only includes human names given to North Atlantic storms. [54][55][56][52], Late on November 13, Tropical Depression Twenty-Seven formed from a tropical wave about 115 mi (185 km) west-southwest of St. [154], The Colombian island of Providencia was subjected to hurricane-force winds for several hours as the center of the storm moved very slowly by the island. Stan briefly weakened to a tropical depression as it crossed over land, but it regained tropical storm strength over the Bay of Campeche on October 3, when ridging further intensified and forced the storm west-southwest. On August 29 at 11:10 UTC, Katrina made landfall in southeastern Louisiana as a Category 3 hurricane, with 125 mph (200 km/h) winds, and a barometric pressure of 920 mbar (27 inHg);[33] it was the third lowest pressure for a landfalling United States hurricane at the time, and fourth as of 2018. The hurricane re-flooded New Orleans (though to a far less degree than Katrina), and caused about $18.5 billion in damage. [19][20], The extremely active 2005 hurricane season was a continuation of an extended sequence of active years for tropical activity in the Atlantic. Convection developed atop the center of the nascent disturbance two days later, and satellite data suggested that it was acquiring thermodynamic characteristics exhibited by tropical cyclones. [41][94] Damage in Mexico totaled roughly $45 million. [44] El Salvador's Santa Ana Volcano erupted on October 1, occurring simultaneous to the flooding. [137], In the post-season analysis, the National Hurricane Center identified an additional subtropical storm that had gone unclassified during the course of the season. About Us Rapid intensification ensued as Rita moved into the Gulf of Mexico. [83] The storm brought light rainfall to Newfoundland.[84]. Over 1600 people died during the storm and an estimated cost for all the damage, $75 billion, makes Katrina the costliest hurricane ever. Around 10:00 UTC on October 23, Alpha made landfall near Barahona, Dominican Republic, with winds of 50 mph (85 km/h). This amplified the African easterly jet and enhanced upper-level easterlies, attenuating wind shear detrimental to tropical cyclogenesis across the central tropical Atlantic and the Caribbean. [102] Katrina also spawned an outbreak of 62 tornadoes across the eight states in the eastern United States. The NHC consistently forecast that the storm would weaken; however, Epsilon gradually intensified as it moved westward and later looped to the northeast. As the cyclone developed a well-defined eye, Maria reached peak winds of 115 mph (185 km/h), Category 3 strength, early on September 6. The hurricane quickly crossed the state and continued across the western Atlantic Ocean. Later that day, the storm moved ashore just west of Pensacola, Florida. The cyclone quickly weakened after moving inland and became extratropical over Kentucky on August 30. The cyclone emerged into the Atlantic Ocean, where it was absorbed by Hurricane Wilma on October 24. The storm attained peak winds of 40 mph (65 km/h) while located between Bermuda and the Azores. On September 23, Philippe weakened to a tropical depression and later a remnant low; it was absorbed by the larger non-tropical cyclone a day later. [4] TSR issued its first forecast a few days later and predicted that the season would feature 9.6 tropical storms, 5.7 hurricanes, 3.3 major hurricanes, and predicted that the accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) rating would be 145. The 2005 season featured 15 hurricanes, surpassing the previous record of 12, set in 1969. [42][43][41][44] Wilma dropped historic rainfall while drifting across the Yucatán peninsula. National Hurricane Center High pressure directed the cyclone toward the west-northwest, and the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Stan shortly before making landfall along the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. [41] Mexico's development bank – Nacional Financiera – provided financial assistance for businesses affected by Wilma and Stan through a $400 million fund (MXN, US$38 million). On June 10, Arlene struck western Cuba. [25] During the peak of the 2005 season, the Loop Current – an ocean current that transports warm water from the Caribbean Sea northward into the Gulf of Mexico and offshore the U.S. East Coast – propagated northward, reaching its most poleward point in advance of Hurricane Katrina. The storm intensified further in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, reaching winds of 70 mph (110 km/h) early on June 11. It later crossed the northeastern Yucatán Peninsula and emerged into the Gulf of Mexico, turning northeast. It strengthened into Tropical Storm Maria on September 2 and eventually became the fifth hurricane of the season early on September 4. Alpha was the 22nd named system in the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, breaking the 1933 season's record, and became the first tropical storm to be named using the Greek Alphabet. Courtesy of NOAA;s National Hurricane Center. [33], On August 27, the New Orleans National Weather Service issued an urgent weather bulletin describing potentially catastrophic impacts, comparing Katrina to Hurricane Camille of 1969. [17] Further, the months of July and November set records for number of named storms, with 5 and 3, respectively. [46][41], In the Caribbean, Cuba suffered the effects of Dennis and Wilma. [66] El Dedo de Dios, a geological feature which had been pointing towards the sky for over a millennium and an important landmark for the Canary Islands, was toppled during the storm. On August 7, the depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Irene, only to weaken into a tropical depression again the next day. It quickly intensified into a subtropical storm while curving northeast ahead of an approaching cold front. A day later it intensified into Tropical Storm Arlene while taking a northward track. [154] In Honduras and Nicaragua, over 1,000 structures were damaged by the storm, hundreds of which were destroyed. The damage total in El Salvador included impacts from a simultaneous volcano eruption. Tammy weakened as it moved inland, crossing southern Georgia and Alabama. [160] It weakened on January 2, only to re-intensify to its peak intensity on January 3. [131] Damage in Guatemala was estimated at US$996 million. The hurricane caused extensive damage in the Outer Banks and around Cape Fear. (Technically, 27 actually received names; one nameable storm was identified after the season ended. Tropical Depression Ten formed between the Lesser Antilles and Cabo Verde on August 13 from a tropical wave that entered the Atlantic five days earlier. [33] The Mississippi and Alabama coastlines also suffered catastrophic damage from the storm's 30 ft (9 m) storm surge, with very few structures remaining on the coast of the former. The storm moved west-northwestward, strengthening into a hurricane on July 6 to the south of Hispaniola. [36], Ophelia caused significant coastal erosion from the churning waves. [158], A surface low attached to a stationary front formed underneath an upper-level low east of Bermuda on November 27. Honolulu, HI 96822 After moving away from the island, Harvey attained peak winds of 65 mph (100 km/h) late on August 4. As convection increased near the center, the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Gert early on July 24. Gert formed east of Caribbean Sea and highly strengthened. In Grenada, Emily killed one person and caused US$111 million in damage, with thousands of roofs damaged. The 2005 Atlantic Hurricane season broke record after record: most named storms, lowest pressure measured in the Atlantic, longest-lived December hurricane, and the list goes on. The system moved northwestward and failed to intensify beyond winds of 35 mph (55 km/h), instead dissipating on October 2 without affecting land. Katrina became the costliest U.S. hurricane, leaving $125 billion in damage[nb 2] and 1,833 deaths. This excludes anything except tropical storms (winds between 62 and 117 km/h) and hurricanes (winds above 117 km/h), since lesser storms are not named. On September 14, the extratropical storm that was once Maria merged with another extratropical storm while approaching Norway. Dennis re-intensified to a secondary peak of 145 mph (230 km/h) on July 10, only to weaken prior to its final landfall later that day near Pensacola, Florida. Although Vince was a very small and short-lived storm that only briefly reached hurricane strength, it was notable for developing in the northeastern Atlantic, well away from where hurricanes usually form. Flash flooding occurred in multiple locations throughout the Northeast. [68] Cindy spawned a large tornado outbreak, including an F2 tornado near Hampton, Georgia, that caused over $40 million in damage at the Atlanta Motor Speedway alone. Tropical cyclones include depressions, storms and Wind damage was reported well inland, slowing down recovery efforts. [138] The frontal system that absorbed Tammy was a partial cause for severe flooding in New York, New Jersey and New England that killed 10 people in mid-October. [65] The storm left minor flooding in some areas. Ahead of the formal start of the season, various groups issued forecasts for the number of named storms, hurricanes, and major hurricanes in the upcoming season, including Colorado State University (CSU), the Cuban Institute of Meteorology (InsMet), Tropical Storm Risk (TSR), and the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Alpha weakened to a tropical depression over Hispaniola's steep mountains. [33][34][35] Southeastern North Carolina suffered some damage from the slow-moving Ophelia. The convection increased on August 31; that day the system regenerated into a tropical depression, which strengthened further into Tropical Storm Lee. It moved to the northwest without much initial development. Additionally, Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon and Zeta were also used for the first time in accordance with the naming policy of the World Meteorological Organization that storms were sequentially assigned Greek letter names after the naming list provisioned for the 2005 season was exhausted. [40] Collectively, Dennis and Emily caused about US$96 million (J$6 billion) in damage to Jamaica. After briefly weakening, Dennis restrengthened to attain peak winds of 150 mph (240 km/h) in the Gulf of Guacanayabo,[32] making it the strongest Atlantic hurricane before August; its record was broken eight days later by Hurricane Emily. The season's first tropical depression developed north of Honduras on June 8 from the interaction of the ITCZ and a series of tropical waves. 3,913 people died in the season and the season caused$180.7 billion (2005 USD) in damage. Vince made landfall on the Iberian Peninsula near Huelva, Spain, on October 11 just after weakening to a tropical depression. After regeneration, and after making landfall over northern Honduras, floods from Gamma killed 34 people in Honduras. [61][60], Delta originated from a broad and non-tropical low-pressure area that arose 1,380 miles (2,220 km) southwest of the Azores on November 19, initially moving northeast along the trailing fringes of a passing cold front. The season's strongest hurricane, Wilma, became the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record, as measured by barometric pressure. Total damage has been estimated at $125 billion, making Katrina the costliest hurricane in U.S. history, surpassing Andrew in 1992 and tying Harvey in 2017. [38][39], Three hurricanes struck Mexico – Emily, Stan, and Wilma. Cindy continued across the southeastern United States and transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on July 7 over The Carolinas; it eventually dissipated over the Gulf of St. Lawrence on July 12. With the exception of two years in which El Niño conditions were prevalent (1997 and 2002), all hurricane seasons were individually above average. Miami, FL, 33165 [142][143], An upper-level low over the southwestern Atlantic helped facilitate the formation of a large, monsoon-like gyre over the Caribbean Sea in middle October. [68] The remnants of Arlene dropped approximately 6 to 7 in (150 to 180 mm) of rainfall in Warren County, New York, in just two hours, washing out several roadways and flooding numerous homes. [4] They also noted that the Caribbean and the entire United States coastline faced an increased risk of a major hurricane making landfall. [12] By the end of September, 17 named storms had developed, of which nine had developed into hurricanes and four had become major hurricanes. Gert remained well off the East Coast of the U.S. and Atlantic Canada. Stan was part of a broader weather system across Central America that killed 1,513 people in Guatemala, where damage was estimated at US$996 million. If you have trouble viewing linked files, obtain a free viewer for the file format: US Dept of Commerce The National Hurricane Center's Tropical Cyclone Reports contain comprehensive information on each tropical cyclone, including synoptic history, meteorological statistics, casualties and damages, and the post-analysis best track (six-hourly positions and intensities). The NHC continued to monitor the remnant as it headed towards the East Coast of the United States. [97][98] The hurricane quickly crossed Florida and emerged into the Gulf of Mexico. [117], A third of Cameron Parish's population left the parish following the devastation wrought by Rita. [133][134] In Honduras, the weather system killed seven people and left US$100 million in damage. Gonzalo became the earliest named ‘G’ storm, besting Tropical Storm Gert (July 24, 2005). [162][163] The names not retired from this list were used again in the 2011 season. A man in Playa del Carmen was electrocuted to death while preparing for the hurricane. Overall, Beta caused nine fatalities and more than $15.5 million in damage across four countries. ", "Remembering the catastrophic 2005 hurricane season", "Stormy hurricane season running short of names", "Storms Alpha and Beta named for Greek alphabet, second time ever", NHC preliminary summary of 2005 wind speeds and deaths, Weather Prediction Center's 2005 Advisory Archive, U.S. Rainfall from Tropical Cyclones in 2005, U.S. National Climatic Data Center – Atlantic Basin 2005 Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) Index, 27 Storms: Arlene to Zeta (SVS Animation 3354), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2005_Atlantic_hurricane_season&oldid=991785920, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 20:33. The storm accelerated northeastward and passed southeast of Cape Cod. Katrina is believed to be di-rectly responsible for about 1500 deaths, while heavy rains caused by a large area of disturbed weather during Hurricane Stan produced floods that caused 1000–2000 deaths. [15] In addition, the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) was in a neutral phase, lowering the likelihood of storms making landfall on the East Coast of the United States and leading to a concentration of impacts farther west. Damage figures are in 2005 USD. Total damage is estimated to be about US$171.7 billion, and the seasons' storms contributed to the deaths of 3,912 people. Ophelia transitioned into an extratropical storm on September 18 and subsequently crossed Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, eventually dissipating on September 23 north of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Storms named with Greek letters that would otherwise be eligible for retirement would appear in the retired name list, but have a notation affixed with the circumstances.[169]. [148], A significant storm surge flooded areas of western Cuba, leaving US$704 million in damage. [45][144] There were four deaths in Mexico, and nationwide damage was estimated at US$454 million ($4.8 billion MXN). Timeline of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, List of historical tropical cyclone names, Regional Specialized Meteorological Center, "Tropical Storm Eta expected to intensify into the season's 12th hurricane on Monday", "Background Information: The North Atlantic hurricane season", Extended Range Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Activity and US Landfall Strike Probability for 2005, July Forecast Update for Atlantic Hurricane Activity in 2005, August Forecast Update for Atlantic Hurricane Activity in 2005, "NOAA: August 2005 Update to Atlantic Hurricane Season Outlook", Forecast of Atlantic hurricane activity for September and October 2005 and seasonal update through August, Forecast of Atlantic hurricane activity for October 2005 and seasonal update through September, The 2005 North Atlantic Hurricane Season A Climate Perspective, State of the Climate: Hurricanes and Tropical Storms – Annual 2005, North Atlantic Hurricane Basin (1851–2018) Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT, "Why This Hurricane Season Isn't as Active as It Seems", Atlantic basin Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT, "ENSO's Impact on Regional U.S. Hurricane Activity", "Multidecadal variability of Atlantic hurricane activity: 1851–2007", "Large-Scale Controls on Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity on Seasonal Time Scales", "Tropical Cyclone Formation in Environments with Cool SST and High Wind Shear over the Northeastern Atlantic Ocean*", "Will Hurricanes Change as the World Warms? On September 2, the depression degenerated into a remnant low, which was absorbed by a cold front two days later. The remnants moved to the north and northeast, steered by a larger non-tropical system to the north. [40] Collectively, Emily and earlier Hurricane Dennis left about US$96 million (J$6 billion) in damage to Jamaica.
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