Air flows between the boards, allowing the moisture in the wood to evaporate. Used where walls and ceiling meet. Grain. The mirror-image effect obtained, especially in veneering, when adjacent sheets from a flitch are opened in the manner of a book, the back of one sheet being matched to the face of the next. It is measure at the point of greatest distance from the straight line. Values presented are the average of radial and tangential observations. A projection tongue-like part of a wood member to be inserted into a slot (mortise) of another member to form a “mortise and tenon joint.”. Definition and meanings. Light stain is so slight that it does not effect the appearance for natural finishes. The way that the wood grain "presents" or shows on the surface of the veneer is largely determined by the cutting method. A triangular moulding often used in concrete forming work to support the corners of the forms. Odd lengths developed in the manufacture of cut-to-length finger jointed mouldings. Some softwoods such as pine are dried to between 9% - 12%. If both edges are rabbeted, “double-rabbeted door jamb.” If one edge is rabbeted, “plain rabbeted door jamb.”, A moulding not on the same level or plane as the wood member or assembly to which it is applied; as contrasted to “flush moulding.”. ... A twist or swirl in the grain of the wood without a knot. It offers high resistance toward heat, acids, humidity, salt, detergents, and UV. A lower interior wall surface (usually 3 to 4 feet above the floor) that contrasts with the wall surface above it; an interior wall composed of two different interior wall surfaces on above the other. GREEN – Freshly sawn lumber. After we had our backsplash installed, it was time to add vertical planking and open shelves in the kitchen. Trim used on the interior of a structure; sometimes referred to as interior finish. F. Face (n) - The widest side of a board, measured across the grain. It may be red or black. (d) A large knot is over 1-1/2″. Grain - The arrangement or direction of the fibers in wood. grain (n) — usually refers to texture, porosity or figuring of wood. Texture: Determined by relative size and distribution of the wood elements. Typically, burls appear in tree stops and places where the branches met the tree. form an angle of 45 degrees or more with the surface of the piece. Concentric rings of wood added yearly to the growing tree in temperate zones. Lumber that has not been dressed or surfaced but which has been sawed, edged and trimmed at least to the extent of showing saw marks in the wood. Protects walls from kicks and bumps, furniture and cleaning tools. From the very beginning when […] It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Wood in which the cell walls have been impregnated with synthetic resin and compressed to give it reduced swelling and shrinking characteristics and increased density and strength properties. A blemish in wood that has been caused by a tool pulling a clump of fibres away from the body of the wood; this can occur with part-decayed or decayed wood. Wood Grain the natural pattern of a section of wood, showing the particular features of the wood’s anatomical structure. The terminology used when discussing wood can be very confusing, so below is a short explanation of the terminology I use and what I mean by it, as well as a few comments on the kinds of things to watch out for in the choice of a blank. 347 518 45. FIGURE – The pattern produced in a wood surface by annual growth rings, rays, knots, deviations from natural grain such as interlocked, curly and wavy grain, and irregular coloration. There are three basic types of wood grains produced by different methods of sawing wood. A small strip of wood, either surfaced four sides or tongued on one edge, which, when applied to the inside edge of a window jamb, increases its width. Separation of the wood cells across the grain. Mouldings or jambs sold as a unit or two sides and a header, usually for installation around a door opening. To groove or remove a portion of the wood on the unexposed face of a wood member to better fit over irregular surfaces; also called, hollow-backed. The steps for this technique are very similar to the previous Brushed Metal Texture tutorial. These woods are typically cut to promote a random and wild grain effect with a three dimensional feel. A method of pre-finishing mouldings where the moulding receives a color coating, is printed with a wood grain, and top-coated for durability. Decoral wood grain finishes have been subjected to the most demanding testing for durability, ruggedness, chemical and weather resistance. Millwork with an applied finish coating. C Chatter Marks. The plural of genus is genera. It's the cells and how they're arranged in bands called rays, and the size and distribution of pores, that make the difference between fine-textured wood and coarse-textured wood. We recommend AK-712 Acrylic Thinner for 1. a material or finish that imitates the natural grain of wood in pattern, color, and sometimes texture. Millwork, primarily mouldings and/or trim to finish-off (trim around) windows and door openings, fire-places, walls and other members. The rounded end or edge of a board such as a stair tread or shelf. It is measured at the point of greatest distance from the straight line. It is measured at the point of greatest distance from the straight line. The word grain tends to refer to the pattern of the wood, whereas figure refers to interesting irregularities. An old tree – often European larch (Larix decidua) or Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) – surrounded by young trees growing vigorously, A unit of measurement of freshly felled timber before any drying, Freshly cut wood that is not seasoned or dried and is still ‘wet’. Sawn so that the growth rings are inclined at less than 45 degrees to the wide face. The living tissue in the outer layers of the tree trunk, serving to transport sap and store food; known as sapwood when converted to timber. Side jamb in which the door hinges (butts) are applied. A large bead; opposite of scotia; rope like moulding. A “sprung” moulding has the interior corner beveled off to better fit a right angle joint. Since the door casings and bases are moulded, plinth blocks offer a good looking, sturdy member which solves the problem of joining casing and base mouldings with different profiles. The arrangement of the fibres that make up the wood, or the pattern produces by these fibres on the surface of the wood. ), whose stems are used for commercial purposes such as basket or hurdle making. Glossary of wood and woodworking terms Battenboard A variation of laminboard with the core formed of strips. May be in paper cartons or shrink wrapped in plastic film. A moulding with a profile that is a half circle with many purposes such as shelf edge, panel mould, screen mould or a bead. Applied around a room’s circumference near the ceiling line. Manufactured wood such as MDF, OSB, and particleboard all have a distinct look that is—in nearly all cases—easily distinguishable from the endgrain of real wood. Originally used to prevent chairs from marring walls. Fitted with moulding knives, cutter heads are installed in moulders where they rotate at high speeds to shape the moulding profiles. compass saw conversion The reduction of a whole log into pieces suitable for working. Three types of grain patterns typify all wood species: face-grain, end-grain and side-grain. Slicing wood parallel to the grain to create thinner pieces, usually done on a bandsaw. A group of wood parts machined and assembled to form a door enclosure from which and interior door is hinged. Wood Tree Spruce Picea. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(}} A well-defined accumulation of pitch in the wood cells in a more or less regular streak. 5% coupon applied at checkout Save 5% with coupon. A two (sometimes three) piece split jamb consisting of a rabbeted and adjusting jamb section for walls of varying thickness; the rabbeted jamb contains a plow to receive the tongue of the adjustable member. Also a versatile panel moulding. Wood warping is a deviation from flatness as a result of stresses and shrinkage from the uneven drying of lumber. A crown like moulding suitable for installation at oblique joints. Pieces of wood of uniform size placed between stacked boards to aid drying and give support. A deep concave moulding more than 1/4 round. Moulding pre-finished by staining and top-coating. (Maple, Mahogany and Sycamore). Texture Wood Grain Barn. It is a split or crack that shows up in the wood grain of a plank. Start studying Wood Terminology. 1,590 Free images of Wood Grain. Bark or lack of wood from any cause, except eased edges, on the edge or corner of a piece of lumber. In mouldings this is most often a 45 degree angle. It may be red or black. a prisoners way of asking another prisoner for a cigarette. Think of this as your door dictionary. A rectangular, circular or semi-circular member used as a simulated column in entrances and other door openings and fireplace mantels; usually contains base, shaft and capital. $12.99 $ 12. Includes; mouldings, door frames and entrances, blinds and shutters, sash and window units, doors, stair-work, kitchen cabinets, mantels, china or corner cabinets, and porch work. Juvenile wood is normally of lower strength, has thinner cell walls and higher lignin content than mature wood, The cut made by a saw blade; also, the width of this cut, A second spurt of growth in late summer in some tree species, such as oak (Quercus spp. It should not be confused with dark grain. Many types of grain pattern are distinguished, such as fine, coarse, plain, interlocked, etc. The interior corner of a moulding “beveled off” to better fit a right angle joint; in contrast to non-sprung or plain moulding. This is denoted as 8'x4'. Back to Top. Wood produced when the tree is already established; it will typically have a relatively constant cell size, stable physical behaviour and structural patterns that are well developed. A black knot is one that results from a dead branch which the wood growth of the tree had surrounded. Breast height is normally regarded as 1.37m, Cutting trees into shorter lengths such as logs and cordwood, The first log cut above the stump of a tree, The layer of cells in a tree that divides to produce new tissue, The most frequently used preservative chemical for pressure-treating timber, Split with an axe or similar tool rather than sawn (see also riven), An instrument used for measuring slopes and the height of trees, Sawing logs into smaller sections in preparation for use, The difference between the volume of a standing tree and the volume of the boards cut from it. An interior moulding applied about a third up the wall from the floor, paralleling the base moulding and encircling the perimeter of a room. A semicircular grove on the underside of the drip cap or the lip of a window sill which prevents water from running back under the drip or sill. The corners of a piece shaped to a radius; generally implies a greater radius than for an “eased edge”; shaped primarily for appearance. In door trim, stop is nailed to the faces of the door frame to prevent the door from swinging through. A narrow band of wood between two flutes in a wood member; a flat, square moulding separating other mouldings. w; Wainscot. The cultivation of forest trees to produce wood products, A tractor used to drag logs out of the forest, Wood from a coniferous (gymnosperm) tree – usually softer than hardwood, but not always. Grain Means texture, too Texture means the relative size as well as the amount of variation in size of the wood cells. A solid piece of Cocobolo: note how the grain naturally wraps around the sides and endgrain of the wood. Used chiefly in North America; elsewhere, cubic feet or cubic meters are preferred, The part of the trunk or stem of the tree from above the root butt to the first branch or limb, normally of timber size over 200mm in diameter. Longitudinal saw cuts of machined grooves of varying depths (dependent on the thickness of the wood member) made on the unexposed faces of millwork members to relieve stress and prevent warping. (g) A “loose” or “not firmly fixed” knot is one not held tightly in place by growth, shape or position. The management of trees, or groups of trees, for their amenity value. The weight of the water in wood expressed in percentage of the weight of the oven-dry wood. An applied moulding. coping saw crook Longitudinal bending to one side, caused by uneven seasoning or grain. Means not more than 10% of the pieces in a parcel or shipment. With multiple meanings, it can mean the interior or exterior finish of a structure, the finish or actual size of a piece of lumber, the protective coating given a wood member, or the select grades of softwood lumber. Rabbeted moulding forming a frame for pictures. Grain arranged either to the left or right of longitudinal. Some, like basswood and holly, have almost no visible grain, while catalpa and red oak usually have striking patterns. Crossgrain Veneer sheet in which the grain of the wood runs in the 4' direction. Select from premium Blue Wood Grain of the highest quality. See also: split jamb; flat jamb; header; hinge jamb; rabbeted door jamb; strike jamb. A general term for lumber and moulding lengths under 6 feet. Often used in a cornice or mantel treatment. *These definitions are not included in current industry standards, however, they are common industry terms. Grain that exhibits periodic changes in the direction and pitch of the fibres, often producing a ribbon-like figure. It is used with trees such as ash (Fraxinus spp. Air drying can take as long as one year per inch of board thickness. V-Groove: May be grain printed, vinyl wrapped, toned or in a solid opaque color. Conversion can be done in three basic ways: sawn, hewn, or split. "F/C" The most common slicing method is "flat cut" or "f/c" (sometimes called "sliced" or "plain sliced" ). Walnut Walnut is a close grained hard wood, the colour varying between light golden brown and light grey brown, often with a rich grain pattern. Spike knots bore all the way through a plank and can cause the wood to splinter and break when nailed. Also, generally perpendicular to the grain direction, across the grain. A lower interior wall surface (usually 3 to 4 feet above the floor) that contrasts with the wall surface above it; an interior wall composed of two different interior wall surfaces on … A moulding applied to a surface which projects or remains above it. A long, rounded groove machined along the grain of a wood member. Wood & Grain is a fast-casual bistro focused on serving breakfast, lunch, and local coffee. A wood moulding pre-finished by wrapping with vinyl film, either in wood grains and colors or solid un-grained color. Applied where floor and walls meet, forming a visual foundation. Similar to cleft, but refers specifically to the splitting of wood into small sections such as traditional plasterers’ laths. Wood Board Structure. A discoloration of the wood. S2S (Surfaced 2 Sides): surfacing both faces of the board. A joint at the meeting of moulded members. The wrapping or packaging of millwork items. A long, gentle, natural bend in a log or tree, Shrinkage at right angles to the grain, that could cause cupping on flatsawn wood, A larger than average, old tree with a spreading crown and limited timber value, though often a great value to wildlife. A well-defined opening between the rings of annual growth which develops during the growth of the tree. This info is straight from Wikipedia. Many types of grain pattern are distinguished, such as fine, coarse, plain, interlocked, etc. A moulding applied to the rake or the exposed inclined ends of a gable roof; term is sometimes applied to any moulding installed in a direction other than horizontal or vertical; also barge moulding. that grows in the desert regions of Australia, Vertical ribbons or sheets of tissue formed radially across the annual rings, which are very distinctive in some woods, such as oak (Quercus spp. A solution of a water-repellent and wood preservative used to prevent decay and resist insect damage; stabilizes wood. Rotary Planer. 547 681 107. Bow is a deviation flatwise from a straight line drawn from end to end of a piece. Carpentry Terminology Architrave A moulding used to surround a door, window, arch or wooden panelling, or the lowest horizontal moulding of a classical entablature. The strip which is applied over the window jambs in a multiple opening window. Graining wood is the process of creating a faux wood grain on a non-wood surface, usually for aesthetic reasons. Any wood (or other substance) which, after initial exposure, will invariably cause an allergic reaction in the user when encountered again. A rectangular slot of three surfaces cut with the grain of the wood. What Does the Grain Pattern of Walnut Wood Look Like? The amount of exudates can sometimes be exacerbated by kilning in some species. A convex profile usually a quarter section of circle similar to the profile of quarter round. Most softwoods are evergreens. A two member decorative glass bead-like moulding around the light opening of a flush door. A genus normally consists of several species. – with lime slurry, which leaves a milky-white colour in the filled pores for decorative effect. Fiddleback – A grain characteristic that has a rippled appearance. Many times referred to as S4S stock. Against The Grain: A reference to the cutting direction; as in planing a board surface, such that splitting ahead of the cutter follows the grain direction downward into the wood below the projected cutting surface. See also: N-Grade; P-grade. S4S (Surfaced 4 Sides): surfacing both faces of the board and ripping both edges. Commonly referred to as glue.Air-dried lumber: Boards that have dried naturally by stacking them in the open air, as shown above and right. Grade: A quality rating given to wood products. Intended for opaque paint finishes or overlays and can be fingerjointed and or edge glued. Dado Decorative and/or … A moulded interior trim member serving as a sash or window frame sill cap. Seamless Wood Grain Pattern Set. The way that the wood grain "presents" or shows on the surface of the veneer is largely determined by the cutting method. Please click here for more about specific wood species, Naturally seasoned in the open air, and generally protected from the sun and rain. Vertical Grain: Material that was milled at approximately right angles to the annual growth rings of the wood, so that the rings. We take the same care and attention to our food as a craftsman woodworker does to making timeless furniture. Substances, such as resins, deposited in the heartwood that giving its distinctive colour and odour. A rectangular cut where two surfaces are cut on the edge of a member parallel with the grain. Cutting Methods Determine How The Wood Grains Look There are several descriptive terms for wood veneers that describe how the veneer was sliced from the log. Graining - A technique that uses stain to duplicate the grain pattern of a type of wood on a non-wood surface. Low-quality, small-diameter wood suitable for pulp, firewood or chips, The core layer or layers of wooden strips, plies, woodchips or particles used in manufacturing man-made boards such as block board, plywood and particleboard, The uppermost branches and foliage of a tree, A sawmill machine that removes tree bark by chipping or grinding prior to sawing. A clinometer is a type of hypsometer. Nicholas Cheung Therapy ℗ 音尚律动 Released on: 2018-09-04 Auto-generated by YouTube. The wood appears to … The Wood Glossary is a guide to lumber terminology used on Texas Woodcrafts and other wood-related sites. Because the wood in wood structural panels is either cross-laminated or randomly oriented, any cut made in a wood structural panel is a cross cut. Wood Turquoise Blue. A subdivision of genus; a group of individual plants of the same kind that share many of the same characteristics. Such products include, but are not limited to interior and exterior mouldings, window and door stock, and glued lumber panels. ), Spanish chestnut (Castanea sativa), hazel (Corylus avellana) and willow (Salix spp. A screw head requiring a driver with a square tip, also referred to as a socket head. The tape is placed round the girth but is calibrated in such a way that it gives a measurement of the diameter. Using Minwax Pro Series Wiping Wax in Dark Roast and a wood grain tool. 361 Best Wood Grain Free Brush Downloads from the Brusheezy community. A small moulding which covers the seam where screening is fastened to the screen frame. Stand for the Wood Moulding Association whose members always manufacture to the industry’s highest standards using renewable resources. There are woods that are dried to even higher moisture content espe It can occur with tension wood, or can be a feature of certain species. Cut tangentially to the growth rings; also referred to as crown-sawn, A log or piece of wood prepared for conversion, especially into veneers. Crosswise distortion of a wood structural panel from its flat plane. See Bow. Softwoods are one of the botanical groups of trees that have persistent needle-like or scale-like leaves. A wood moulding pre-finished by wrapping with vinyl film, either in wood grains and colors or solid un-grained color. A precut and assembled unit consisting of a wood door with the locking or passage hardware that is hung on hinges in a wood frame. This moulding includes two different types, a T-Astragal and a Flat Astragal. Cup. Woodgrain finish on aluminum profile is a highly durable product that is easy to clean and does not require any maintenance of real wood. Wood produced in the first years of growth, up to about five years. Exterior trim used at juncture of outside wall and roof. Forest or wood with trees regenerated by natural succession, containing a substantial number of old trees and some dead wood. The arrangement of the fibres that make up the wood, or the pattern produces by these fibres on the surface of the wood. A small strip of wood let into the plough of the jambs of a double hung check-rail window frame to separate the top sash from the bottom sash; also parting bead, parting strip, or check strip. wood paneling in a luxury car, i.e. Baluster One of a set of posts supporting a stair handrail. (f) A tight knot is so fixed by growth, shape or position that it retains its place in the piece. The horizontal member forming the bottom of a window or exterior door frame; as applied in general to construction, the lowest member of the frame of a structure, resting on the foundation and supporting the frame. Kiln Drying: The process of taking the moisture out of green or “fresh cut” lumber. The grain in wood is one of its most attractive features, but one that can also make it difficult to work with. Choose from over a million free vectors, clipart graphics, vector art images, design templates, and illustrations created by artists worldwide! The following definitions are extracted from WDMA I.S.lA-11, Industry Standard for Architectural Wood Flush Doors and WDMA I.S.6A-1 1, Industry Standard for Architectural Stile and Rail Doors. This is a type of siding that uses overlapping planks attached horizontally on the wall. Some might refer to 'character' for colored grain, and 'figure' for fiddleback. Advantages. The ability of material to maintain its original dimensions under variations of temperature, moisture, and physical stress. Get it as soon as Thu, Dec 3. It can be easily thinned with our specific acrylic thinner or water if necessary. A moulding commonly used in closets to support the shelves, also shelf strip. Below is a list of commonly used terms, phases and words that relate to wood and the wood working industry - woodworking terminology and words relating specifically to wood. WoodGrain Brewing Company is a local Sioux Falls microbrewery specializing in quality handcrafted beers served in a warm, inviting, and comfortable taphouse location. Any substance that, for a reasonable length of time, will prevent the development and action or wood-destroying fungi, borers of various kinds and other harmful insects that deteriorate wood. ), The filling of an open-grained wood – typically oak or ash (Quercus, Fraxinus spp.) Find out information about wood-grain print. The wood grain finish is ideally suited for applications where architects prefer to see a natural wood appearance. Looking for wood-grain print? Rip Cut. The formula: MC = weight of water present in sample / oven-dry weight of sample * 100. S1S (Surfaced 1 Side): surfacing one face of the board. Flatwise: Setting wood on its widest side, so its width is greater than its depth. Walnut wood is commonly used in knickknacks, carvings, and gunstocks, as well as for cabinets, flooring, furniture, and wood veneers. If 2″ thick and under 3″, twice as much as crook permitted for 2″ faces. Blue stain is cause by the growth of mould like fungi on the surface or in the interior of the wood prior to the time the wood is dry. The final cut when felling a tree, which is made on the opposite side to the direction of fall. Flitch: A two-side unfinished piece cut from a log that is usually further processed. Such breaks may be due to internal strains resulting from unequal longitudinal shrinkage or to external forces. How to get a wood grain effect over chalk paint. Cross grain Wood grain that is not inline with the main axis of a length of timber. Planing or jointing operations work best when the knives cut in the same direction as the grain. Air-dried lumber - Lumber that … Yew (Taxus baccata), for example, can be a sensitizer for some woodworkers. These wood grain texture patterns were hand-drawn with Micron and brush pens and then converted to vector format, so they can be scaled to any size and easily amended in Adobe Illustrator. S3S (Surfaced 3 Sides): surfacing both faces of the board and ripping one edge. Applied where base moulding meets the floor to protect the base moulding from damage by cleaning tools and conceals any uneven lines or cracks where base meets the floor. The longer the exposure, the darker the wood will become. The moulding and/or trim necessary to “finish” or “trim” a sash or window frame. A tape used to measure the diameter of a tree. End grain (n), end-grain (adj, adv) - Ends of wood boards that feature exposed pores. In all but the driest regions, moisture content rarely falls below 12 to 20 percent without additiona… In its simplest aesthetic meaning, wood grain is the alternating regions of relatively darker and lighter wood resulting from the differing growth parameters occurring in different seasons (i.e., growth rings) on a cut or split piece of wood. 99. High quality paint for Brushes and Airbrush. (b) A small knot is not over 3/4″. Warp restrictions are based on the average form of warp as it occurs normally, and any variation from this average form, such as short kinks, shall be appraised according to its equivalent effect. Used today is as a decorative element or a divider between different wall covering such as wallpaper and paint or wainscoting. Common Kitchen Cabinet Terminology. FIGURE – The pattern produced in a wood surface by annual growth rings, rays, knots, deviations from natural grain such as interlocked, curly and wavy grain, and irregular coloration. Used extensively in cabinet work and finished carpentry where a clear strip is required. Face-grain has the most complex patterns. To control the grain of boards, saw mills pay special attention to the direction in which a log is cut. Adhesive: A substance that bonds two other materials together. is especially suitable. The existing white hollow core doors had embossed wood grain, and I painted them like old barn wood and floated the wood grain color into the embossed surface last. It is most useful fabricated as a frame, surrounding attractive wall covering for a paneled effect on walls. Nowadays ‘liming wax’ is usually substituted, Shrinkage along the grain, resulting in the shortening of the wood during drying; this is usually minimal, A shrubby form of eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) In addition there are other words and phrases that relate common defects and characteristics found in wood in our 'Defects in Wood' and 'Figure in Wood' articles. Trim used on the exterior of a structure. A group of closely related plants, sufficiently distinct not to interbreed. An instrument used from ground level to measure the height of trees. Small indentations spaced close together that cause a ripple effect on a wood floor surface. A decorative member installed flush against the wall and the top of an S4S baseboard. Burr walnut comes from a growth on a tree where the grain has grown in a deformed manner. That portion of the moulding and or jamb that is exposed when two members are joined, such as when casing is applied against the jamb. Worked into a form of shape and referring to a wood member other than those “surfaced four sides.”. Beyond that, there are as many different wood grain patterns as there are trees. On a door jamb the rabbets would form a built-in stop on the face of the jamb. Source/reference: Wood ID & Use by T. Porter - A really great book for wood reference - CLICK HERE TO BUY, Posted by Paul Hayman on Monday 26 June 2017 at 10:46, Interactive Wood Price Comparison Website is Launched, Buy Sawn Hardwood and Softwood | Compare Prices. The f/c slicing method produces moving grains or cathedral grains. Our bistro is set around warm colored wood decor and handmade tables tops by Owner/Chef Bee Vang. An adhesive capable of developing sufficient strength and durability to make the glued lumber product serviceable under ordinary conditions of nonstructural use, when the Equilibrium Moisture Content (EMC) does not exceed 16% and the temperature may reach 165 degrees Fahrenheit (74 degrees Celsius) for as long as 6 hours during shipment or no greater that 140 degree Fahrenheit (60 degrees Celsius) continuously during service. Carpentry process by which a moulding such as a crown is sawn on the adjourning end to fit over the face profile of the second member. (e) A sound knot contains no decay. (of a hardwood) having pores that are typically of uniform size throughout the growth ring, The first part of the annual ring, which is laid down in the spring, and typically has lower density and larger cells, The grain shown on a crosscut surface, revealing the cut ends of the wood fibres, Storing boards for seasoning vertically instead of horizontally; this can help reduce fungal staining, and is recommended particularly for European sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus), Wood is hygroscopic, and can therefore absorb or lose moisture at any time. Machinery which cuts, glues and joins the fingers in fingerjointed lumber or cut-stock for mouldings and millwork. Flakeboard (Particle Board) – A board composed of wood flakes bonded together with a synthetic resin or other suitable binder under heat and pressure. The lopping of tree branches at head height or above, either to encourage shoots to form higher up a tree out of reach of browsing animals, or simply to reduce the size of a tree. Small indentations spaced close together that cause a ripple effect on a wood floor surface. Even grained: Wood grain whereby there is little contrast on the tangential or radial face between earlywood and latewood. The jamb opposite the hinge jamb on which the lock or strike plate is installed. As window trim, stop holds the bottom sash of a double-hung window in place. Both are attached to one of a pair of doors to keep the other door from swinging through the opening. Adding wood grain to laminate wood furniture, tabletops, or walls will give them the appearance of expensive, high-quality oak. The flat astragal, can also be used for decorative purposes to cover a joint or separation. Generally speaking, walnut wood is straight-grained, though it can sometimes have waves or curls which enhance the character of a piece. This is normally given as a percentage of the standing volume. Old growth is often preferred to less mature timber, but there is a negative ecological result of harvesting too much old-growth wood. Continuation in a different direction of a moulding or projection, usually at right angles. Heavy stain is permitted only in paint grades. The completely dry (oven-dry or kiln dried) weight of a given species is a constant, and the moisture content of the wood at any given time can be express as a percentage of this constant. Outer or exposed surface from which grade is determined. The patterns produced in wood grain by deviations in the growth ring caused by knots, rays, or interlocked and wavy grains. These patterns might include Block Mottle, Curly, Fiddleback or Blistered figure to name a few. Used where mouldings join at 90-degree angles on a wall or ceiling installation. A red knot is one that results from a live branch growth in the tree and is inter-grown with the surrounding wood. Also describes interior trim used where walls and ceiling meet (crown, cove, bed moulding). R. Bruce Hoadley wrote that grain is a "confusingly versatile term" with numerous different uses, including the direction of the wood cells (e.g., straight grain, spiral grain), surface appearance or figure, growth-ring placement (e.g., vertical grain), plane of the cut (e.g., end grain), rate of growth (e.g., narrow grain), and relative cell size (e.g., open grain). The arrangement of the fibres that make up the wood, or the pattern produces by these fibres on the surface of the wood. Unspecified lengths as contrasted to “specified lengths.”. ... A twist or swirl in the grain of the wood without a knot. A woodworking machine designed to run mouldings and other wood members with regular or irregular profiles. Trim for a door opening usually consisting of casing. Most are deciduous. Intended for natural or clear finishes and the exposed face must be of one single piece. Brown stain is due to a chemical reaction occurring in the drying of some species. Wood Veneer Terminology. Robertson Head link. The measurement across the face of any wood part exclusive of any solid mold or rabbet. Wood Flooring Terminology. This varies considerably between timber species and dependant on the conditions that the wood is exposed to. A jamb with a rabbet on one or both edges. These are all terms used to describe patterns in wood grain that may have some overlap, or are identical in meaning.....depending on who is using the term. Faux wood grain is typically painted onto medium-density fiberboard (MDF), although it can also be applied to drywall. Grain. It usually contains pitch or bark. Extractives may affect the wood’s compressive strength, hardness, permeability, and resistance to decay and insect attack. End grain is the opposite of long grain or the long fibers in wood that grow vertically in the first big log of a tree. A moulding which separates two vertical wood panels along their common edges. AKA Wainscot. Non-finger-jointed mouldings; solid length. The relatively soft and perishable wood from the outer part of the trunk; a non-technical term for xylem, Timber of typically 140mm diameter or more at the small end, which can be sawn economically into planks and boards. You'll see definitions for common terms used in describing wood, as well as some terms specific to our unique Texas woods. Sawing wood across the grain. The wood frame includes the one or two piece jamb either in adjustable or pre-ordered widths as well as the door stop mouldings and casings. Black forest furniture is highly carved and is known for carved bears and other creatures of the forest, such as deer and birds. An order of plants within the Angiospermae that have two cotyledons or seed leaves. Wood from a broad-leaved (dicotyledonous) tree – usually harder than softwood, but not always, A forestry machine that cuts a tree from its root, de-branches it and then cuts it to lengths, The non-functioning xylem tissue toward the centre of the trunk, which provides the hardest and most durable part of the timber. A simulated wood-grain pattern, applied with patterned rolls to various wood-base substrates, such as hardboard and low-grade plywood. EMC is not a constant, but varies with temperature. FIGURE – The pattern produced in a wood surface by annual growth rings, rays, knots, deviations from natural grains. The number, sizes, types, and cost of millwork items required for a construction job or structure. Millwork manufactured by special order to suit a particular job. Different Antique Furniture Terminology From A to Z. Many types of grain pattern are distinguished, such as fine, coarse, plain, interlocked, etc. The conifers and related plants, whose seeds are not contained without an ovary; they have needle-like leaves, and produce the softwoods.

wood grain terminology

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